Innovation

Energy and Industrial Applications of Natural Gas Hydrates

NATURAL GAS HYDRATE (NGH) HEI NEW TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVE

Natural gas hydrate (NGH) remains as the last major natural gas resource to be commercialized, and it may be the largest on Earth. Conventional gas, coalbed methane, and shale and tight gas all required development of particular technologies and methodologies to become of economic value. The unique geographical and physical parameters of high grade NGH provide opportunities for new technology and methodology that have the potential to dramatically lower the cost of exploration, deposit preparation and commercially competitive production. HEI believes that NGH can be made competitive with other gas resources. HEI has initiated a broad initiative to develop new NGH technology.

HEI is ready to tackle any issue in the field of water treatment, water provision, as well as in the broader and related field of unconventional energy and natural gas hydrate exploration and production.

HEI expertise in natural gas and other gas hydrates is based on applying the wide range of experience of its Principals in both field and laboratory. 

There are a number of aspects of the hydrate physical chemistry system that also lend themselves to the development of gas hydrate separation technology. Among the potential technologies in which gas hydrate may have a role are:

Seawater Desalination
LNG Vaporization
Deep Ocean Carbon Sequestration
Industrial Water Treatment / Water Reduction
Gas Separation
Capture of Toxic Gases
Flow Assurance
Gas hydrate for transportation of stranded gas

In addition to establishing and leading research programs focused on the energy resource aspect of unconventional hydrocarbons, particularly gas hydrate, Principals have histories of innovation across a number of fields. This is shown particularly by patent applications, which are listed here in addition to scientific publications listed elsewhere on the HEI website and demonstrate a proven innovative potential.

 

Patents and patent applications:

Osegovic, J. & Max, 2012. M.D. Accelrated Hydrate Formation and Dissociation. U.S. Patent US 8,334,418 B2 (Issued 18 Dec 2012). Filed as: Hydrate Based gas Separation with Catalyst and Anti-Foaming Agent.Application 12/608,464 filed October 29, 2009. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Osegovic, J. & Max, M.D. Hydrate Based gas Separation with Catalyst and Anti-Foaming Agent. Application 12/608,464 filed October 29, 2009. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. Atmospheric Moisture Harvesting. Application 12/481, 352, filed 9 June 2009. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Osegovic, J.P., Slattery, I. & Max, M.D. 2008. Gas Separation using Compound Gas Hydrate Provisional application 61/111,645, filed November 5, 2008. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Osegovic, J.P., Tatro, S. & Max, M.D. 2008 Hydrate-based desalination using compound permeable restrain panels and vaporization-based cooling (with specification and claims to using ice in the place of hydrate). U.S. Patent Application 12/199,886, filed 28 August 2008. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. Manual Water Handling System. U.S. Patent Application U.S. Patent Application 12/164,206, filed June 30, 2008. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Hill, J., Preston, C. & Max, M.D. Atmospheric Water Harvesters. U.S. Patent Application 12/054,960, filed March 25, 2008. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. & Osegovic, J.P. 2006. Hydrate-based reduction of fluid inventories and concentration of aqueous and other water-containing products. U.S. Patent Application US 2006/0273036 A1 Appl. No.: 11/504,659 (Filed 16 August 2006). (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2007. Hydrate-based desalination using compound permeable restraint panels and vaporization-based cooling. U.S. Patent Application US2007/0284318 A1 11/785,033 (Filed 13 April 07) (Publication Date 13 December 2007). (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. Improvements to atmospheric moisture harvesters. U.S. Patent Application 11/245,130 (Filed October 7, 2005). (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Patents Issued

Osegovic, J.P., Max, M.D. & Tatro, S.R. 2011. Seawater-Based Carbon Dioxide Disposal. US Patent 8,048,309 B2 Filed 28 August 2008, issued 1 November 2011), 53pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Hill, J.W., Preston, C.G., Max, M.D. & Hunter, A.C. 2011. Atmospheric water harvesters with variable pre-cooling. US Patent 7,954,335 B2 )Filed 3 April 2009, issued 7 June 2011). (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Hunter, A. Max, M.D., Preston, C. & Hill, J. 2009. Atmospheric Water Harvesters US Patent 7,954,335 (Filed 3 Aril 2009). (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. & Osegovic, J.P. 2007. Hydrate-Based Reduction of Fluid Inventories and concentration of aqueous and other water-containing products. U.S. Patent U.S. 7,255,794, August 14, 2007. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2006. Hydrate-based Desalination/Purification Using Permeable Support Member. U.S. Patent 7,013,673 B2 (21 March 2006), 30pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2006. Hydrate-based Desalination/Purification Using Permeable Support Member. U.S. Patent 7,008,544 (7 March 2006), 30pp.

Max, M.D. 2006. Hydrate desalination for water purification. U.S. Patent 6,991,722 (B2) (31 January 2006) (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. & Korgaard, 2005. J. Hydrate Based Desalination with Hydrate-Elevating, Density-Driven Circulation. U.S. Patent 6,969,467 B1 (29 November), 24pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2005. Improved Hydrate Formation and Growth for Hydrate-Based Desalination by means of Enriching Water to be Treated. U.S. Patent No. 6,890,444 B1 (10 May), 15pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2005. Apparatus and Method for Harvesting Atmospheric Moisture (20 September) U.S. Patent No. 6,945,063, 19pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. & Holman, S.A. 2004. Hydrate-based decontamination of toxic gases. U.S. Patent No 6,759,564 B2.14pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2004. Apparatus and Method for Harvesting Atmospheric Moisture (December 7) U.S. Patent No. 6,828,499, 5pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2004. Controlled cooling of input water by dissociation of hydrate in an artificially pressurized assisted desalination fractionation apparatus. U.S. Patent No. 6,830,682 (December 14). (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2004. Hydrate desalination or water purification. U.S. Patent 6,767,471 (B2) (27 July 2004), (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2004. Desalination using positively buoyant or negatively buoyant assisted buoyancy hydrate. U.S. Patent (May 11) No 6,733,667 B2, 35 pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2004. Improved Hydrate desalination or Water Purification. U.S. Patent (January 6) No. 6,673,249, 28pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2003. Land-based desalination using buoyant hydrate. U.S. Patent No. 6,565,715 B1 (20 May 2003), 15pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2003. Land-based desalination using positively buoyant or negatively buoyant assisted buoyancy hydrate. U.S. Patent No. 6,562,234 (13 May 2003), 24pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2003. Land-based desalination using positively buoyant or negatively buoyant/assisted buoyancy hydrate. U.S. Patent No. 6,531,034 B1 (11 March 2003), 23 pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2002. Desalination using positively buoyant or negatively buoyant/assisted buoyancy hydrate. U.S. Patent (24 December) No 6,497,794 B1, 35pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. 2002. Desalination and concomitant carbon dioxide capture yielding liquid carbon dioxide. U.S. Patent (5 November) No.: 6,475,460, 42pp. (Assigned to Marine Desalination Systems, reassigned to investors on liquidation).

Max, M.D. & Pellenbarg, R.E. 2000. Inflatable, noncollapsible, personal flotation device. United States Patent (number 6,066,017), May 23, 2000. (Assigned to U.S. Navy).

Max, M.D. & Pellenbarg, R.E. 1999. Desalination through Methane Hydrate. United States Patent (number 5,873,262), (23 February, 1999). (Assigned to U.S. Navy).